The hat you are looking at is called a shtreimel. It is worn by married Haredim (ultra orthodox Jews). Adorning oneself in luxurious fur might not feel like an act of Halacha (religious laws). It isn’t exactly ‘modest.’ However, when the Jews of very cold climes in Eastern Europe saw the aristocracy in these hats, they considered, especially on Sabbath, how lovely it would be to both honor the lord and keep themselves warm by wearing such a thing. In order to make it ‘kosher’ though it must have Halachic meaning, and so they constructed them from multiple pieces of fur, each being made from a number of pieces having a special meaning. Common numbers are 13, 18, and 26, corresponding respectively to the Thirteen Attributes of Mercy, the numerical value (gematria) of the word for life (Hebrew: חי), and the numerical value of the Tetragrammaton. Thus, these deeply observant men can wear this hat of fur remaining true to the law and staying warm in style!
Below, you can see the street dogs of Istanbul. They are running, like old friends going out for tea, throughout the city. You see them waiting outside ‘their’ restaurant or attending careful watch at a back door with empty bowls beside it. Sure enough, patrons will emerge and offer their leftovers, and home owners will fill the little bowls much to the joy of the pooches. The dogs have little tags on their ears to connote that they have been given all shots necessary to insure health. They are friendly, clean, abundant, and often come nuzzling up under your hand for a friendly scratch.
“Where do they live?” I asked a Turkish guide. “Oh they live on the streets, but everyone feeds and cares for them.” ‘OK,’ I thought, ‘that’s different.’ My brother in law who must walk their dog in Houston three times a day was passionately interested in spreading this pet care innovation. It wasn’t until later that week
while reading more about Islam (Turkey is 98% Muslim) I ran across a law that prohibits Muslims from keeping dogs as pets. A law is a law, but there is no law that condemns caring for them communally, outside the home, and that is exactly what the people of Istanbul do.
OK, so what do these two religious traditions have in common? When they have secular desires, whether it is to wear a warm stylish fur hat, or have the companionship of a canine, they do not violate the law, but cleverly circumvent it. The Haredim turn the desired object into a sacred one. The Muslims of Istanbul maintain what is required within their homes, but expand their community to create a welcoming one for man’s best friend.
Do you know other examples of this wonderfully real ability to accommodate new needs within ancient belief systems?
I was very surprised to see all the dogs running around the streets of Istanbul. We had lunch at a sidewalk cafe with whole families of cats rubbing against our ankles under the tables. We realized why after the owner came out and set out a generous plate of food for them.
In answer to your question, I think people have always found ways to use religion to justify their wants, wishes, and personal agendas. Look what Henry VIII was willing to do in order to obtain a divorce!
Thank you for a really interesting and thoughtful post.
Judith—-I love your stories about your travels in Turkey and Israel. More! I want more!
I am enjoying the stories ago.
My son is living in Istanbul and loving it.
Anna, good to hear from you. What is he doing there?
Enjoyed your stories, especially as Dick had worked in Israel, and I had visited Turkey on a Story Telling trip with Barbara McBride and her husband some years ago. Best to your family! Still laugh about our trip on the Delta Queen
Loved that journey, and met three lovely southern sisters who taught me how to decode southern social rituals. Will never forget it.